Given the active seismic zone in which it works, in 2009 the Mountain Societies Development Support Programme (MSDSP) - a programme of the Aga Khan Foundation - began initiatives to mainstream disaster risk reduction throughout its programme. The Aga Khan Agency for Habitat (AKAH) also works in the country to reduce disaster risks and improve emergency response.
Kyrgyzstan’s geography places its inhabitants in a high-risk category for natural disasters. Ninety-four percent of Kyrgyzstan’s territory is located 1,000 metres above sea level, and 40% is above 3,000 metres. Earthquakes, avalanches, landslides, floods and mudflows are common hazards. Dozens of people lose their land and livelihoods to these types of disasters every year. Further, it is anticipated that rising temperatures, rapid snowmelt, and changing rain patterns will increase the intensity and frequency of such disasters, with serious economic and social impacts. Recognising this pressing risk, AKF works with communities, civil society organisations, and local institutions to strengthen community-based disaster resilience and management skills. AKF adopts a three-pronged approach to institute resilience at all levels, among all generations.